Republic of Srpska is a regional leader in waste management in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Waste Management Plan (WMP) is under preparation in the Republic of Srpska (RS) as an entity and the region within Bosnia and Herzegovina. The WMP for the Republic of Srpska is a component 6 of the ELAN project, financially supported by the Swedish Development and Cooperation Agency-Sida, and will be implemented by the Regional Center for Ecology for Central and Eastern Europe, the Office for Bosnia and Herzegovina (REC B&H). The Government of Republic of Srpska previously adopted Draft Waste Management Strategy (2016-2025). The Waste Management Plan of Republic of Srpska is a key document that will be developed by the end of 2019. The Waste Management Plan itself is a document that is a mandatory part of the planning and refers to waste management. The objective of the WMP is to identify the current situation in the sphere of collection, disposal and treatment of waste, including the state of the infrastructure, and defining, based on future needs, the required legal and infrastructure requirements/capacities for achieving the Strategy goals set within the integrated waste management system. The WMP in the RS should focus on the realization and implementation of sustainable economic development, the strengthening of a comprehensive approach to addressing waste management issues, and the promotion of a comprehensive approach to integrated waste management by dimensioning and prioritizing on a sustainable basis of the Republic of Srpska level. http://bih.rec.org/news-item.php?id=65
Accordingly, the University of East Sarajevo (UES), Faculty of Technology Zvornik (TFZV) as a member of the REINWASTE project consortium is in the process of implementing a local project related to management of organic and inorganic waste packaging on the model of the local community in the Srebrenica municipality. The main objective of the project is to identify the optimal model for collecting and selecting packaging waste in Republika Srpska and working to create the prerequisites for applying for European Union funds. In general terms, the project seeks a 'transfer of knowledge', ie a model for collecting and selecting packaging waste in accordance with the principles of good practice from EU. The project is designed to select the most vigorous model and to prepare a study on the example of the Srebrenica Municipality, which in general could be applied to all municipalities of Republika Srpska. The project is also planned as a tool for gathering information and stakeholder training for applying to relevant pre-accession funds and EU programs.
The expected project outcomes are:
- Analysis of the current situation and problems in collection and selection of packaging waste;
- Identification of optimal model of collection and selection of packaging waste on the example of Srebrenica Municipality;
- Improvement of professional competence from all relevant stakeholders in the packaging waste management chain;
- Raising the level of ability for applications to EU programs.
The project was funded by the Republic of Srpska Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund http://ekofondrs.org/, and all the activities that will be implemented will be in accordance with the requirements of the Waste Management Plan in the Republic of Srpska.
At this regard, the REINWASTE project, which currently implement by UES in Bosnia and Herzegovina establishes the involvement of a pool of companies from Bosnia and Herzegovina to cooperate with the project partners in testing the benefit of the collaborative & open innovation approach to redefine some productive patterns in the logic of nearly-zero inorganic waste in food and agricultural chain. The aim is to foster the effective technology transfer, by a collaborative & open innovation approach, among agrofood clusters, R&D centers and agriculture and agrofood companies from Emilia-Romagna region (IT), Andalusia region (ES) and PACA region (FR) into Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The goal is to design and introduce innovative and R&D-based solutions to remanufacture the food supply chain, thanks to waste prevention by ecodesign, the testing of innovative components and materials to reduce the inorganic waste, both on the agricultural and food transformation phases and the introduction of strategies for the smart inorganic waste management in Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina, which will be in accordance with the requirements of the Waste Management Plan of RS.
In this way, the UES, Faculty of Technology Zvornik, by implementing these two strategically important projects, will cover most problems related to the disposal and emission of organic and inorganic waste from the households and the agrofood sector in the Republic of Srpska, which will greatly assist in solving the currently pressing waste management problems in Bosnia and Herzegovina.